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Energy Imbalance Markets/Services

​​marketsmap.pngWAPA is committed to continuing market-related conversations with customers. Exploring market options ensures WAPA continues to reliably deliver hydropower to its diverse customer base and seek solutions that help us adapt to​ the changes in the energy landscape.  

One market-related service WAPA and many of its customers are looking at is energy imbalance.

​​Market-related news

On Nov. 12, 2020, WAPA announced it would be exploring Southwest Power Pool Regional Transmission Organization membership for Loveland Area Projects and Upper Great Plains - West. Learn more about this effort at the Key Topics webpage​.

WAPA and Markets monthly newsletter

​​Keep up to date on the latest activities surrounding energy imbalance at WAPA with this newsletter. 

January 2020​
​April 2020​
​August 2020​
Novembe​r 2020​
​February 2021​
February 2020
May/June 2020​
September 2020​
December 2020

March 2020​
​July 2020
October 2020​​

January 2021



​In order to best meet the unique and specific needs of each WAPA region an​d its customers, WAPA has embarked on three distinct energy imbalance efforts. Links to regional efforts are below. ​

Energy imbalance management TRANSITIONS

In the first half of September 2019, WAPA made a number of announcements regarding energy imbalance management: 


The primary reasons WAPA is exploring energy imbalance management alternatives are to:

  • Ensure reliable delivery of our hydropower while adjusting to a changing energy mix 
  • Respond to customer feedback requesting WAPA to lead organized market discussions
  • Address WAPA balancing authority constraints
  • Facilitate integration of variable resources
  • Enable participants who want to optimize their resources

It is important to note that an energy imbalance market is different than membership in a regional transmission organization. WAPA has been a member of SPP's RTO for its Upper Great Plains region since 2015. However, in evaluating energy imbalance management alternatives, WAPA preserves its autonomy and retains its authority over transmission planning, day-ahead marketing, and transmission system and balancing authority operations.


Supply and demand must always be in balance. Utilities plan a day ahead for the energy they will need tomorrow, but then there is the difference—or an imbalance—between what was scheduled and what is needed in real-time to meet actual energy demand.

WAPA's balancing authorities already manage energy imbalance from its operations centers. However, WAPA is looking at energy imbalance management alternatives to improve its ability to meet this need for itself and customers.

Participating in an energy imbalance market or service means WAPA would buy and sell energy in a real-time market, dispatching at sub-hourly increments, using the lowest cost resources subject to available transmission capacity. This builds on the bilateral market WAPA operates in today.​​

EIM Resources*

*Note: The following links are to energy imbalance services provided by other entities.

  • CAISO Western EIM                                                                
  • SPP Western EIS                                                                

Background: Market conversations – WAPA and customers

WAPA and customers have been discussing markets for decades. WAPA has also held several all-customer market-related events. Catch up on some of the more recent conversations, here:

WAPA and other utilities also participated in the Mountain West Transmission Group to evaluate a range of options ranging from a common transmission tariff to regional transmission organization membership. The initiative ended in 2018.


Rodney Bailey, WAPA's Power Marketing Advisor


Vice Presidents of Power Marketing:

Page Last Updated: 3/25/2021 8:55 AM