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Printing Specialist/Printing Officer, GS-1654

Education and Experience Requirements

The following table shows the amounts of education and/or experience required to qualify for Printing Management positions. Click here for information on how experience and education may be combined.


Education xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx OR Experience








4-year course of study leading to a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university with major study in journalism, business administration, English composition, commerce, accounting, printing or printing engineering, graphic or commercial art, industrial engineering, or economics.

3 years, 1 year of which was equivalent to at least GS-4



1 full year of graduate level education or superior academic achievement


1 year equivalent to at least GS-5


master's or equivalent graduate degree

or 2 full years of progressively higher level graduate education leading to such a degree

or LL.B. or J.D., if related


1 year equivalent to at least GS-7


Ph.D. or equivalent doctoral degree

Or 3 full years of progressively higher level graduate education leading to such a degree

Or LL.M., if related


1 year equivalent to at least GS-9

GS-12 and above



1 year equivalent to at least next lower grade level

Equivalent combinations of education and experience are qualifying for all grade levels for which both education and experience are acceptable.


Undergraduate Education: One year of full-time undergraduate study is defined as 30 semester hours or 45 quarter hours in an accredited college or university.

Graduate Education: Education at the graduate level in an accredited college or university in the amounts shown in the table meets the requirements for positions at GS-7 through GS-11. Such education must demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary to do the work.

One year of full-time graduate education is considered to be the number of credit hours that the school attended has determined to represent 1 year of full-time study. If that information cannot be obtained from the school, 18 semester hours should be considered as satisfying the 1-year of full-time study requirement.

Part-time graduate education is creditable in accordance with its relationship to a year of full-time study at the school attended.

General Experience: General experience is 3 years of progressively responsible experience, 1 year of which was equivalent to at least GS-4, that provided a knowledge of printing equipment, methods of production, and sources of printing.

Specialized Experience: Examples of qualifying specialized experience include:

  • Determining specifications for the printing of manuscript, i.e., selection of typography, layout, composition, format, paper stock, and other printer's instructions.
  • Negotiating or administering contracts for procurement of manuscript and illustrations, printing, binding and allied services, or printing stocks (paper, inks, etc.).
  • Managing a printing plant that produces printing either for the government or private industry customers.
  • Performing production control work in a large printing plant.
  • Serving as a sales representative for a wide variety of printing equipment.
  • Analyzing the price and cost of preparation and production of printing.
  • Planning, estimating, and scheduling printing on a full-time basis for a variety of publications.
  • Performing substantive administrative support or policy functions directly related to publishing and printing program management or operations.

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Page Last Updated: 7/14/2015 7:21 AM